1 Spencer R. Weart, “The Discovery of Global Warming” [Excerpt], Scientific American, August 17, 2012 (from The Discovery of Global Warming by Spencer R. Weart, Harvard University Press, 2008)
2 James Powell, “Scientists Reach 100% Consensus on Anthropogenic Global Warming,” Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society, November 20, 2019, https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/0270467619886266.
3 IPCC Global Warming Special Report 2018, October 8, 2018, https://www.coolearth.org/2018/10/ipcc-report-2/?gclid=CjwKCAiAjrXxBRAPEiwAiM3DQm1PCOdAgdSzc20ovtVPPAvGrFSYEJfhvfgZrtf1CSI_Y5k-IwT7jhoC2OUQAvD_BwE
4 Dede Taylor, interview by the author, 12/8/19.
5 Creative placemaking is a phrase used by the American Planning Association to describe: “where community members, artists, art and culture organizations, community developers, and other stakeholders use arts and culture strategies to implement community-led change. This approach aims to increase vibrancy, improve economic conditions, and build capacity among residents to take ownership of their communities” (American Planning Association, https://www.planning.org/knowledgebase/creativeplacemaking/).
6 Jim Madden, interview by the author, 08/22/19. Also note: The Gallatin Valley encompasses parts of high passes along the Continental Divide, West Yellowstone, Big Sky, and Bozeman and is known as a headwaters’ community, fed by the Missouri River and mountain snowpack that slowly releases moisture into streams, lakes, and the ground.
7 Additional information about the Story Mill can be found at: “The Story Mill,” Mountain Time Arts, https://mountaintimearts.org/flow; and “The Story of Story Mill – A Montana Community Works to Restore Wetlands,” EPA United States Environmental Protection Agency, https://www.epa.gov/wetlands/story-story-mill-montana-community-working-restore-wetlands.
8 From the installation label at the Story Mill Park site. More information on Indigenizing Colonized Space here, https://mountaintimearts.org/indigenizing-colonized-spaces
9 Laine Rettmer, interview by the author, November 24-25, 2019.
10 Strom uses subtle humor to address the legacy of settler colonial history. One informational article read by the MTA collaborators while working on the project included: Nikhil Pal Singh, “The Pervasive Power of the Settler Mindset,” Boston Review, November 26, 2019. http://bostonreview.net/war-security-race/nikhil-pal-singh-pervasive-power-settler-mindset
11 Mary Ellen Strom, Interview by the author, November 27, 29 and December 4, 2019.
12 These thinkers helped to inspire MTA in using new strategies of learning for the future: Stefano Harney and Fred Moten, The Undercommons: Fugitive Planning and Black Study, (Wivenhoe, New York, Port Watson: Minor Compositions, 2013).
13 Brian King, interview with the author, December 13, 2019
14 Laine Rettmer, Interview by the author, November 24-25, 2019. These scenes were partially workshopped at the Watermill Center for the Arts, New York. Rettmer explained that they were seeking visual metaphors for the transformation of the “colonial and empirical processes.”
15 For more information on the Lewis and Clark expedition, see: “Rivers, Edens, Empires: Lewis & Clark and the Revealing of America,” Library of Congress https://www.loc.gov/exhibits/lewisandclark/lewis-landc.html
16 Mary Ellen Strom, interview by the author, November 27, 29 and December 14, 2019.
17 Mary Ellen Strom, interview by the author November 27, 29 and December 14, 2019. Also please note, Lucy R. Lippard writes about a commitment to land use, art, and the environment in New Mexico with a localized devotion that is also found in the work of Mountain Time Arts concerning the Gallatin Valley and the Rocky Mountain West: “I’ve concluded that the ultimate escape attempt would be to free ourselves from the limitations of preconceived notions of art, and in doing so, help to save the planet” (Lucy Lippard, Undermining: A Wild Ride Through Land Use, Politics, and Art in the Changing West [New York: The New Press, 2014], 9).
18 Shane Doyle, interview with the author, December 9, 2019. Doyle asked his collaborators to read this book because it had helped him to understand how Plenty Coups’ dream is relevant to the world (“Any group of people could go through this”): Jonathan Lear, Radical Hope: Ethics in the Face of Cultural Devastation (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2006).
19 Some of the Tree Dancers are enacted by members of the Bozeman chapter of the Sunrise Movement, a national group predicated on “creating millions of good jobs, to build people power, elect people into office and to help society, based on principles of climate crisis. We are trying to make the world a better place, to create a just equitable future for all, a respect for indigenous land,” member/dancer Sara Blessing explained to the author in an interview December 13, 2019.